Fix Numbers With Trailing Minus Signs

Do you sometimes need to fix data that has numbers, with trailing minus signs? I don't run into this problem too often, but I usually fix them with the Text to Columns feature.

  • Select the column that contains the trailing minus signs
  • On the Excel Ribbon's Data tab, click Text to Columns.


  • Click the Next button in Steps 1 and 2.
  • In Step 3, click the Advanced button.


  • Add a check mark to the option, "Trailing Minus for Negative Numbers"


  • Click OK, and then click Finish.

The minus signs are magically moved to the front of the numbers, and they'll calculate correctly if you include them in formulas.


Fix Trailing Minus Signs With a Formula

If you need to fix trailing minus signs frequently, you might prefer a formula solution. With a formula, the numbers are fixed without your manual intervention, as soon as the data is pasted into the worksheet.

Thanks to Bob Ryan, from Simply Learning Excel, who sent this formula to fix imported numbers with trailing minus signs.

  1. In this example, the first number with a trailing minus sign is in cell A1
  2. Select cell B1, and enter this formula:
  3. =IF(RIGHT(A1,1)="-",-VALUE(LEFT(A1,LEN(A1)-1)),VALUE(A1))
  4. Copy the formula down to the last row of data.

In the formula, the RIGHT function returns the last character in cell A1.

If that character is a minus sign, the VALUE function returns the number value to the left of the trailing minus sign.

The minus sign before the VALUE function changes the value to a negative amount.

How Do You Fix Trailing Minus Signs?

Do you use another solution for trailing minus signs? There is a Trailing Minus Signs macro on the Contextures website, if you want to automate the fix.

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9 Responses

  1. Rick Rothstein (MVP - Excel) says:

    Here is another way…


  2. Rick Rothstein (MVP - Excel) says:

    I also have a shorter macro (faster too, I think) than the one whose link you posted…

    Sub FixTrailingNumbers()
      Dim Col As Range
      For Each Col In ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Columns
        Col.TextToColumns Col, TrailingMinusNumbers:=True
    End Sub
  3. Rick Rothstein (MVP - Excel) says:

    Maybe to be “safe”, I should expand the active For..Next code line so we don’t accidentally process any text cells containing delimiters from a previous use of the TextToColumns functionality…

    Sub FixTrailingNumbers()
      Dim Col As Range
      For Each Col In ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Columns
        Col.TextToColumns Col, xlFixedWidth, FieldInfo:=Array(0, 1), TrailingMinusNumbers:=True
    End Sub
  4. Rick Rothstein (MVP - Excel) says:

    I feel like an idiot here… sorry, but I need to add one more code line to my macro to protect against there being an empty column within the UsedRange…

    Sub FixTrailingNumbers()
      Dim Col As Range
      On Error Resume Next
      For Each Col In ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Columns
        Col.TextToColumns Col, xlFixedWidth, FieldInfo:=Array(0, 1), TrailingMinusNumbers:=True
    End Sub
  5. Ola says:

    Any suggestions how to work with a negative time format in a Data table –> sum average in a Pivot-Table –> Pivot chart of a Normal distribution curve.

    Example: Pivot-chart with an average time deviation from 0 (Planned start – Actual start) with roughly -02:00 to +02:00 boundaries (00:10 intervalls).
    1. First I tired with a negative time format but learned it did not work.
    2. Then I tried the old 1904 date system under settings – not nice for the rest of the sheet.
    3. Then I tried to format positive values to time format and negative was left as a formatted two digit negative number.
    4. I then summariesed the data in a Pivottable.
    5. I then tried to convert to a) format then b) convert to text in the table before the displaying the data in a Pivot chart. I used a ;;; cell-formula but the Chart failed (surpricingly both in 2003 and 2010) to read the negative time formatting.
    That’s when I then gave up and left the problem to an Qlikview expert.

    I still hope I missed something.

  6. Hans Knudsen says:

    Still another way

  7. Rick Rothstein (MVP - Excel) says:


    Nice formula! A couple of points about it, though. Both our formulas report a wrong result for an entry like ‘2-4 (note the leading apostrophe)… my formula treats it as a serial date number (because the number on either side of the dash are small enough to be interpretted in my US system as month-day) where as your formula simply moves the dash to the front of the number returning -24 for its result. Your formula has an interesting anomoly built around the ‘2-4 type entry though. If your formula is already on the worksheet, change A1 to ‘2-4 and your formula returns -24 as discussed above; HOWEVER, if the value ‘2-4 is in A1 before your formula is placed on the worksheet, then when you enter your formula into a cell, it returns a series of # signs.

  8. Hans Knudsen says:

    Rick Rohtstein
    You have got a point there.
    I never considered such subtleties as I have only (sometimes) used the formula after importing data from SAP where the only problem is the trailing minus signs.

  9. Matt Smith says:

    If any of the methods explained on this webpage do not work, note that there are different “minus sign” characters, such as “‐” or “-” or “–” or “—”

    I had been generating reports from a particular source which does not use the standard “-“, and this problem had plagued me for days before I mustered the determination to find the cause. You can imagine the feeling of satisfaction upon discovering the imposter “minus sign”.

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